Coordinators : André Magord (MIMMOC) & Vincent Michel (HERMA)
The study of cultures and integration factors is an orientation of the National Research Strategy (Stratégie nationale de recherche) (Orientation 30). While our continent is experiencing migrant and refugee flows and identity issues are being resuscitated, it is important to analyze mobility phenomena over a long period of time, comparing different host cultures and taking into account motivations (conflicts, employment, freedom of opinion…) that cause some of these mobilities. In addition, this axis will consider the issue of mobility by addressing legal and policy issues: right of residence, asylum applications, integration contracts, access to citizenship policies; these questions imply a legal perspective, but also an anthropological and philosophical perspective to compare how different cultures see the rights of minorities and the distinction between assimilation and integration. Multidisciplinary and intersectoral field studies are to consider in order to shed light on the relationship between specific cultural referents and social processes which, in most cases, elude media discourses and public authorities. We postulate that a more precise look at the social role of migrations, in an inter-cultural perspective, will nourish a broader reflection on the legitimization of cultural difference in a national context and in relation to an interconnected global world.
The diachronic approach will be required to analyze the functioning of ancient multicultural societies that were built with important migratory movements and in the coexistence of different religions, languages and cultures so as to bring new insights into cultural variation, particularly in a diaspora context. It is in this approach that the question of endangered cultural heritage, their preservation, their dissemination and the interest of their protection will be raised in order to analyze them. Indeed, while crises and conflicts generate significant movements of people, they also raise the question of safeguarding cultural heritage that can be displaced or even destroyed. As the international tribunal in The Hague pronounces a conviction for destruction of World Heritage Site (Timbuktu mausoleums, Mali, 2016), we will ask ourselves what it is possible to do, with the most modern tools (Digital Humanities) to preserve cultural heritage (especially written), make it available to science and exploit it.
This proposal will be linked to the CPER Insect Program concerning the Axis « Prospective Analysis of Territorial Dynamics » (theme « Urban Territories and the Construction of the Otherness of Minority Youth » and the Axis « Innovation, Cultural Industry and Heritage Valorization » »
Cultural diversity and constructive alterities, circulation of ideas and ideologies, cultures in motion (interculturalities, Francophonie…), rural / urban
Mobility of minors and human rights, female mobility, conservation, valorization and exploitation of cultural heritages
Heritage (material / immaterial), the role of Unesco