Coordinators: Freiderikos VALETOPOULOS (PR, FORELL) and Anna POTOCKI (MCF, CERCA)
The 1st axis aims to question the processes and representations involved in the use of written, oral and signed language, both on receptive and production sides, as well as in learning. The central question of the work of the axis is that of the relations between language and thought, which will be approached in both directions of the relation: the constraints that the language imposes but also how the context determines the use that is made of the linguistic representations. All the research projects of the axis will thus aim at clarifying this relation and at examining these constraints such as those observed at the individual (e.g. presence of a handicap, non-native individual), situational (e.g. emotional character of a situation, use of new technologies), and linguistic (e.g. linguistic specificity or complexity) levels.
The main methods of the axis are the constitution of corpuses depending on the standards of the digital humanities and experimentation. This way, corpuses of various types and periods will be analyzed insofar as they shed light on the relationship to language – norms, transformations, uses. For the experimentation, the work of the axis will allow the collection of behavioral data on both off– and on-line language (e.g., analysis of electroencephalographic data and of real-time writing). Finally, the use of new technologies for learning, education and culture will also be discussed.
The projects of the axis are divided into two parts with three programs each. The first part “Tools” aims to provide a critical look at the tools used for the study of language. It consists of three projects:
- Evolution of the Eye & Pen program,
- Study, digitize and exploit the « Corpus d’Auteurs in Nouvelle Aquitaine » (Corpuses of Authors in the region of Nouvelle Aquitaine, France),
- Detect and support dyslexic and dyspraxic students through a video game.
The second part is more oriented towards “basic research”, thus comprising three programs:
- Analysis and development of the lexicon according to individual and linguistic constraints,
- Production context: relationship between oral and written language,
- Emotion and language production
The projects of the axis also have the characteristic of pursuing, for the most of them, an application goal through the development of tools intended for researchers (e.g. a lexical frequency database, a tool designed to study writing in real time), or education professionals (e.g. educational applications).
In order to provide an interdisciplinary perspective on these issues, the projects of the axis are carried out jointly by colleagues from different disciplines (psychology, linguistics, didactics of French as first and second language, information and communication sciences) in order to synergize the steps which are specific to each discipline. Thus, data from experimentation and field observation, collected under controlled conditions, will feed the corpuses while in return, the analysis of the corpuses will generate new experimentations and refine the analysis of the collected productions, particularly linguistically.
[Translation : Melody Araujo Martins]